of the province of Malaga including the Costa del Sol is
the coast line in the province streching over 150 kms from the Costa
Tropical in the east from Almeria to the
Costa de la Luz to the west in Cadiz.
Costa del Sol is a region in the south of
Spain, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, comprising the coastal
towns and communities along the Mediterranean coastline of the Málaga
province and the eastern edge of the Cádiz province. The name
translates as "Sun Coast"
in English. Formerly made up only of a series of small, quiet
fishing settlements, the region has been completely transformed during
the latter part of the 20th century into a tourist destination of world
renown, with a near-continuous urban agglomeration of high-rise
settlements and resorts running along the length of the coastline.
It includes the city of
Málaga and the towns of Torremolinos,
Benalmádena, Fuengirola, Mijas, Marbella, Puerto Banús, San Pedro de
Alcántara, Vélez-Málaga, Nerja, Torrox, Estepona, San Luis de
Sabinillas, the community of Sotogrande, San Roque and La Línea de la
Settlement in the region dates back to the
Bronze Age, and it has been colonised and ruled by many cultures such as
the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Visigoths and Moors,
before the Reconquista.
Historically its population lived in the fishing
villages, and in the "white" villages a little distance
inland, in the mountains running down to the coast. The area was
discovered and developed to meet the demands of international tourism in
the 1950s and has since been a popular destination for foreign tourists
not only for its beaches but also for its local culture. The area is
particularly famous for its towns like Marbella, which provides the
Costa del Sol with its reputation for being a playground for its
super-rich and famous visitors.
In recent years the Costa Del Sol has become
known to golf enthusiasts as the 'Costa Del Golf' due to the number of
high quality golf courses, more than fifty, of which many are centred
around Marbella. Attracting golfers from all over Europe and the rest of
the world, the Costa del Sol has benefitted from the stimulation
provided by this sport to growth in tourism and to the resulting
increase in development of new complexes to house the number of golfers
visiting the area.
The Costa del Sol is heavily urbanised, with a wide ribbon of densely-packed
buildings running along most of the coast. Architectural styles
are a mixture of low-rise, whitewashed villas and developments of
high-rise apartment blocks concentrated in the tourist resorts. While
many of the villas and other single dwellings are designed and built in
the local Andalusian-style the purpose-built multi-dwelling blocks have
little harmony with the geography of the area